Affective Limitations in Second Language Acquisition by Spanish Adult Learners in Vocational Training Programs

Sergio Bernal Castañeda

Abstract


This article aims to show and explain the growing motivational, personal or af- fective dif culties that unemployed adult learners are currently facing in the English subject when they decide to retake their education in age-diverse Vocational Training Programs in the Spanish educational system. The results presented in this article are based on a multiple case qualitative study research directed in two different areas. The participants were vocational training teachers who participated in a semi-structured interview. They con rmed the increas- ing level of frustration and dropout rate that Spanish adult students are experiencing in the L2 subject of these programs, mostly due to their oral and comprehension skills. The results of this article show the numerous obstacles of adaptation to the L2 contents and methodologies that adult learners face; generally because they are surrounded by adolescent or younger class- mates who have more experience in the foreign language and a wider linguistic knowledge. It is further explained how this age heterogeneity in the English classroom leads to dif culties in the linguistic acquisition, lack of adaptation to current L2 teaching methodologies and lack of inclusion in the rest of the group, due to motivational limitations derived from fear of ridicule, self-imposed affective barriers and anxiety in the English classroom. 

doi: 10.5294/laclil.2017.10.1.6


Keywords


Adult teaching; English teaching; motivation; new teaching methodologies; age diversity

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